Key Development Sectors

Science, technology and education 

Israel is prominent in the world of academic research, and 7 of the 9 government-funded universities are on the list of the world’s top 500 universities. The country has won six Nobel Prizes since 2002. It is the world’s second-strongest player in science based on a parameter that reflects the quantity of scientific research papers released and patents registered, as well as the percentage of GDP spent on R&D and ratio of the population engaged in research. 

The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology is the oldest university in Israel and one of the 100 best universities in the world. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is Israel’s second oldest university, and home to the largest collection of books on Judaism.

Since the early 2000s, Israel has been at the forefront of worldwide research on stem cells. Israeli universities are ranked among the 100 best in the world in mathematics, physics, chemistry, computer science and economics. Water technology is a growth area and annual exports are worth more than $2 billion. 

The Israeli Space Agency oversees space research programs across Israel, including both scientific and commercial programs. Israel is one of nine countries capable of building satellites and launching them into space.


Israel has good transportation links. The road network spans 18,096 kilometres, and the railways cover 1,384 kilometres and provide 64 million rides a year. The main international channel for air traffic is Ben Gurion Airport, and there are smaller airports in the north and south of the country.

Israel’s humanitarian work abroad

Israel often provides emergency assistance following natural disasters around the world. In the last 26 years it has given help after natural disasters in 15 countries, including Haiti after the 2010 earthquake. There, the Israel Defense Forces set up the first field hospital, which was staffed by 200 doctors and medical staff.

By the end of the mission, Israeli doctors had treated a total of 1,110 patients and performed 319 successful operations, as well as saving the lives of 16 mothers and 4 others. 

In 2011, as Japan was reeling from an earthquake and tsunami, Israel was one of the first countries to send medical aid workers. Israel set up a clinic in the quake-hit city of Kurihara, which included areas for surgery, pediatrics, maternity and genecology. Some 2,300 people were treated there. 

Israel’s humanitarian efforts started in 1958 when the Foreign Ministry established its agency for the development of international relations. It has provided assistance to more than 140 countries, including food distribution in famine-stricken areas, construction training, and the establishment of medical aid buildings. 

Numerous nonprofits contribute to Israel’s humanitarian work, including IsraAid, Israeli Flying Aid, Save a Children’s Heart, and ZAKA Search and Rescue. 

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